Dr. Xin Rong, an internationally renowned management expert was once worked as tenured professor University of Southern California and Hong Kong University of Science and Technology. Currently employed by the China Europe International Business School, as the Michelin and human resource management leadership donation Chair Professor of topics including leadership, strategic human resource management. Her argument was often published in top international academic journals. In addition to research and teaching, Dr. Rong analysis for many multinational companies and large enterprises as information and discussion adviser, whose clients include IBM, Sony, General Electric and other international famous brands.
Moderator: Xin Rong Hello, you are our first program to now, the first such in its own academic background and professional excellence in the academic status of our guests, "Fortune Life", you are welcome.
Xin Rong: Thank you.
Moderator: I found a very interesting title called Michelin leadership and human resource management, Chair Professor of donation, this is what kind of a title?
Xin Rong: It is the kind of honorary title, is a company that you are inside this area the contribution, it is very appreciated and very identity, identity is very important. For example, Michelin is donated to the Central Institute of Business and a sum of money, then it is willing to use its name to the establishment of this chair, and it set the posts.
Moderator: is located in the leadership and human resources management.
Xin Rong: Yes, that proves that enterprises have the leadership and human resource management are also seen very heavy, but in the choice of who is the chair of the professor, they have very strict criteria, in foreign countries, and only a brand-name universities are there will be companies willing to do a donation, but basically in every area in general are not more than 12 locations, so this is an honor for me, I feel I am lucky.
Moderator: You just mentioned the concept of an elite, in fact, a scholar, a position in academia, with the reputation of this school are directly linked. But if we pay attention to one of your career, you will find a very interesting phenomenon, you are starting with the University of Southern California is a tenured professor, I am particularly curious, because the University of Southern California, it is a hundred schools in school history, It's of Business Administration in Europe and the United States is among the top 10, after which you went to the Hong Kong University of Science and the time when you leave it is best to reach the Asian top ten universities.
Xin Rong: Yes.
Moderator: But you choose to leave these two prestigious institutions, came to Central Europe, which is what kind of choice? Why make such decisions?
Xin Rong: This choice is indeed hard, when I left the University of Southern California, many people do not understand, including my relatives and friends feel quite incomprehensible, as a Chinese in the United States such a competition is particularly severe, and the business College really really should be said that a man s world, leaving a difficult to obtain the location of posts, really quite obscure. And the school is very good to me, but I think I came from China, after all, from the region, where the cultural customs of the scholars may be more understanding than others, so I think there are better development space.
Moderator: Your students among them, have a different color, different nationality, but you are teaching in Central Europe, your students may be more domestic enterprises from a number of managers, then you make a comparison, some of our domestic business elite with you in business in foreign countries is also compared with those students, what are common to them?
Xin Rong: For me, the most prominent of them is a kind of common activity, there is a momentum, there is one you may not see outside of a pursuit and desire, a desire for success, and willing to sacrifice a kind of spirit, this makes me very moved by their professional manager abroad is often behave, they are often very dedicated very professional, but not the kind of passion.
Moderator: Please describe the group they are easy to commit some common mistake is it?
Xin Rong: After all our country's reform and opening up was only 23 years time, very blunt, if their advantage is they have a great passion, there is a positive attitude and a desire to pursue and desire, a desire for success, but in the back, they are very, very flexible, but very flexible and extremely fast speed, which are advantages. But these advantages, if mishandled its equilibrium point, on the contrary, as its shortcomings, too flexible and sometimes there is no statute, too fast could the quality would be affected, so I think that Chinese entrepreneurs are very flexible, fresh ideas, but sometimes the establishment of a system may be the lack of patience, if today tomorrow day after tomorrow this month in the next quarter will not see a result, he may be a bit impatient, and sometimes feel that they are a bit impetuous. One of the longstanding business it requires not only a good strategic position, I have to do the right thing, have a good staff, and should have a very very good system, at this point I think that the professional manager or the Western Western entrepreneurs are more concerned about this, and may do better, this is the entrepreneur's advantage may be his failure. We saw a lot of different business ups and downs, you see charts, discharged to five this year, perhaps next year, not 10, and refresh rates soon, one of the reasons is that I think he did not put a lot of attention to internal System of the above, is a totally rely on his personal charisma, by his personal influence, is perhaps not the right word is the "rule of man" of such an enterprise. But a company really wants to endure, it must be to have rules, there is an enterprise system. So sometimes I say a good leader in business about three points, first point is you have to mind particularly clear, you know what to do, we say that strategic positioning is very clear, clear objectives and goals are very clear. Second, if you must have a very good system, because it can enhance the rate of implementation of your business. The third point I want to say in addition to this objective clear and perfect system, enhancing it's 鎵ц cogency, an enterprise should have a spiritual, but also Jiushi we often say, culture, corporate culture, entrepreneurial spirit, is the existence of the enterprise What is the reason we why are dry, so entrepreneurship is often not reflected in their daily work so explicitly, but when you times of crisis, you will see the company when we are most concerned about, what is the most employees important or most important customers or shareholders of the most important, of course, from a whole they are very important, where the starting point.
Moderator: it may happen this time, the role of culture is a risk-a reflection of the most direct.
Xin Rong: Yes, the role of culture, it has two points, so that employees feel his internal life of the significance of what he agree with that, it has the cohesion, another point if it allows businesses to adapt to the outside business changing development, it can be in unison to comply with its development, so their culture really is a very important part.
Moderator: Xin Rong mention your name, I think, in industry or academia have a high profile, but social awareness than you may be far less than some of your students.
Xin Rong: true, So I candidly admit defeat.
Moderator: Actually, you have several students have been successively into our "Fortune Life" program, I give an example, Feng Lun, like Wantong Group and Alibaba's Jack Ma, who are leaving us deep audience impression of the two, so I've been on some of their views, the views expressed by our program which has been thought, these things come from the accumulation of their own, or they receive some guidance from their teachers, we have to listen to a listen to how they were in the program said.
Xin Rong: interesting, take a look at.
Feng Lun: The chairman of a business inside China less as the West, he was 10 years ago when a company like rivers and lakes, is about the Chinese tradition of human relationships that have to do a very stable organization, there must be three a particularly important role, have called this the first Big Brother, which we generally call honest elderly, benevolent, can be patient, the courage to sacrifice, it is first in command. Then followed the need for a work, carefully special care of people, army, division, Wu Yong, ah, like Zhuge Liang, spared no efforts to work,. Five Tigers will be the third role, one hundred eight to one, but in our business which, when you create a non-contract-based organizations when, in the Chinese culture at first you do this, chairman of the so-called top-level officials actually needed is generosity, vision, and the other patient, in fact, a bit of a responsible spirit, a lot of danger when you have to dare responsible.
Moderator: The Feng Lun is very interesting, his period in our program is the first half of 2003, a program, I think he was talking about the inside of our program, I would like to ask his opinion is not from Your human resources management theory?
Xin Rong: No, not completely from my concept of human resource management, but I Daoting agree with him, Feng Lun is a very thoughtful people, I think even in his business which I think was a thinker, this is very Feng Lun thinking, so that he became a chairman of the board is very competent, as he grasped the direction of the greatest courage to bear the biggest responsibility. So I believe that a chairman's post itself speaking, this was a producer, he has not a director, which I think is very important, but a producer who is to ultimately do to you out of the product responsibly, but yet you can not indiscreet remarks at the scene, this is what you should be generous, so-called honest elderly, yes, exactly. Another point he said the middle, go-getters, is the same as your general manager, who he has a strong executive ability, business capacity, and finally he has a group of people, very strong front-line staff of the implementation, I think he This classification is very right. Here I would like an entrepreneur, he said a word I think it is vivid in my mind, Liu, general manager of Lenovo's predecessor, CEO, now chairman of the board, he said such a sentence, I told him an interview said the word, I feel like Feng Lun said the relationship between some echo. I asked him, I said you are a CEO from a general manager to become a chairman of the board, what is the biggest challenge, he said the biggest challenge is actually because I had a CEO, so I am very familiar with the overall operation, I can plug in the end of a pole, because I particularly special about this company, I do the bottom of this business things are very understanding when I was a conductor, this allusion is to learn from him, and he said I is a director, then I became a chairman, I was a producer, I want tolerance, I want to do now I am following the implementation of the general manager, CEO and senior executives have their own space, even if Maybe they do different things with my point of view, perhaps they make a mistake, maybe I have seen what this crisis may occur, but I must have a very tolerant attitude to see him, and not to go into the indiscreet remarks . Chairman of the board from a CEO to become a biggest challenge is how you can put your hand rests on the back is not out pointing, gesticulating and in fact this point I feel just a little with the Feng Lun said similar place, is a chairman of the board's responsibility is what you grasp the overall direction of running, but you are not a specific implementation of those.
Moderator: Jack Ma, another guest, I would like is a memorable figure.
Xin Rong: Yes, very interesting.
Ma: This year I saw a lot of this case study, what school classroom, the community simply do not work, send to the talk about who are the academic reasons, to talk about are right, doing it all wrong , and always you are wrong, he can not be wrong. I think the education system to reform, especially in business management, you went and told them what is right and what is true. I think after the first access to our company, we must share our culture and our ideal, because most do not agree with us, the Internet company to which people agree to what you can do business 80 years, 8 years to do the best 8 months after listing, we parted left forget, these people should not let him come.
Moderator: But you do not know, he could not write in the face.
Ma: the slogan of many companies owned by the slogan, said go, we said to do, to do 80 years, we simply do not want to see what months you will be listed for two months, will tell you that usually means that we To prepare the ground, solid, and he prefers, boring, really boring, he himself would go.
Moderator: very interesting fact about this part of his two questions, because we edited the first part he talks, he said that such training may not have to point it out similar to the MBA such training, he said that did not use , you really do not have the combat operational, if you are wrong when you are not running well, he said, how do you treat this point of view, I estimate that a speech he was before receiving your education.
Xin Rong: I think he said this part is right, why, maybe my colleagues may have my opinions, I feel that many professors do not actual combat experience, he is in we can say that in the ivory tower writing case, and then to be spent on education, because we write in the ivory tower cases are encountered when a lot of very good assumptions, so these things should happen, according to our logic to happen in real life from it, So when you go to use it of course does not take, of course, there is no interoperability of the. From a professor I think this is quite lacking in terms of place, or do a management professor, said the industry to do in business administration professor, you are teaching corporate bosses, you should not be a little practical experience, the practical experience you can From your own background, some people did before he became professor of professional managers, or do a lot of advice, you go to learn about the status of business, then I think this situation is relatively easier to avoid them. But then I have to defend a professor, that enterprise in the implementation process, as is the case, it must be personalized, case impossible to cover, you should learn 10 cases and, finally, a rule which Perhaps the law of your article is useful, but not that good in this case, I will act upon it to be like, but each case the background of its existence, its occupation, it is not the same business environment, so We want to mimic a specific case of absolute failure, and should not be to imitate. So why a good MBA program, you should never use only one case illustrates the point, it should all be associated with, so I felt that perhaps I had this answer Geda 50 鏉?it, but he said the challenge for I am among those who agree with Ma's view, this view means that you have to find your values agree with those people who are willing to contribute to the future, willing to sacrifice, willing to stay in this business, together with the growth of the enterprise, This is important, and I also admire what he said, I want to do a 80-year enterprise, "eight" in Chinese culture is a very auspicious number, I think this is a very good vision , and for a. com network companies, such a vision I think is very admirable by others.浠栬皥鍒扮殑杩欑鏂囧寲瑙傛垜瑙夊緱闈炲父闈炲父鐨勯噸瑕侊紝椹簯浣滀负涓?釜闃块噷宸村反鐨勫垱濮嬩汉锛屼粠涓?紑濮嬪氨鏈夎繖鏍风殑鐞嗗康锛屾垜瑙夊緱杩欎釜鍏徃寰堟湁甯屾湜鐨勩?
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銆??蹇绘鐨勫悓浜嬶細鏈変竴涓懆鏈笂鍗堟垜涔熷幓鍔犵彮锛屽洜涓烘垜浠繖涓儴闂ㄥ緢绻佸繖锛屽湪璺笂鎴戠鍒板ス锛岀粰鎴戜竴涓儕璁舵槸鍥犱负濂瑰钩鏃堕兘鏄伐浣滃埌鍗佺偣鍒板崄涓?偣鐨勶紝濂瑰懆鏈繕鏉ワ紝鎵?互鎴戜滑褰撴椂閮ㄩ棬鍦ㄨ璁哄炕姒曠殑鏃跺?灏辫锛宑razy guy鎴朿razy people锛屽氨鏄竴涓柉鐙傜殑浜恒? 鎴戜滑涔熸湁涓?釜鑷崇悊鍚嶈█锛屾堡濮喡峰郊寰楁柉璇磋繃锛屾垚鍔熺殑缁勭粐搴旇瑕佹湁鐤媯鐨勪汉缁勬垚锛岄偅涔堜腑娆у湪鐭湡鍐呮湁杩欎箞涓?釜鍝佺墝锛屽氨鏄洜涓烘湁浜嗚繖涔堜竴鎷ㄦ暀鎺堬紝蹇绘灏辨槸涓?釜寰堝吀鍨嬬殑浠ｈ〃銆?br />
銆??蹇绘锛氭垜鎯冲彲鑳藉緢灏戝惂锛岃繖鐐规垜瑙夊緱鎸烘儹鎰х殑锛岀湡鐨勶紝纭疄鎸烘儹鎰х殑锛屾垜缁欏瀛愮暀鐨勬椂闂村緢灏戯紝鎴戝コ鍎垮父甯稿嚑澶╅兘瑙佷笉鐫?垜 锛屼絾鏄垜璺熷ス鍦ㄤ竴璧风殑鏃堕棿灏嗕細鏄渶蹇箰鐨勬椂鍊欙紝鎴戣窡濂瑰湪涓?捣鎴戜細鎶婃墍鏈夌殑娉ㄦ剰鍔涢兘缁欏ス锛岀湡鐨勬槸杩欐牱鐨勶紝濂逛細寰堥珮鍏寸殑銆傚ス姣忓ぉ鏃╀笂鍙鎴戝湪瀹跺ス浼氬彨鎴戣捣搴婄殑锛屽ス姣旀垜璧风殑鏃╋紝濂瑰幓涓婂辜鍎垮洯锛屾墍浠ュス寰堥珮鍏寸殑涓?欢浜嬫槸灏辨槸鏃╀笂鍙濡堣捣搴婏紝鏅氫笂璺熸垜閬撴櫄瀹夛紝鍙鎴戝湪瀹舵垜涓?畾闄ス鐜╃殑锛屾垜瑙夊緱姣忎竴涓汉鐢熸椿涓湁寰堝閫夋嫨锛屼笉灏藉鎰忥紝鎴戣寰楁垜鏈夌殑鏃跺?缁欑埗姣嶇粰瀛╁瓙鐨勬椂闂撮兘澶皯浜嗕竴鐐癸紝浣嗘槸鏈変竴鐐规垜涔熶笉鍚庢倲锛屼负浠?箞鍛紝鍥犱负鎴戣寰楁垜灏藉績灏藉姏锛屾垜鑳藉仛鐨勬垜閮戒細鍘诲仛锛屼絾涓嶄竴瀹氫細鍋氱殑寰堝畬缇庝簡銆傚綋鐒舵垜缁欏コ鍎跨暀涓嬬殑涔熻涓嶆槸寰堝寰堝鐨勬椂闂达紝浣嗘垜甯屾湜鑳界粰濂圭暀涓嬩竴绉嶅緢濂界殑浜虹敓浠峰?瑙傦紝鎴戜粠鏉ヤ笉浼氳矗澶囧ス锛屽姛璇惧仛涓嶅ソ鍟婏紝 浣嗘槸濂瑰鏋滄病鏈夌ぜ璨屾垜浼氳窡濂瑰ソ濂借皥璋堢殑锛岃繖涔熸槸鐖舵瘝鎬庝箞鏁欐垜鐨勶紝鐪熺殑锛屾垜鐖舵瘝浜蹭粠鏉ユ病鏈夐?鎴戝幓鎷跨瑪锛岀埗姣嶄翰鐢氳嚦浠庢潵娌℃湁 锛岀湡鐨勬槸浠庢潵娌℃湁瀵规垜瑕佹眰浣犱竴瀹氳鍋氬埌浠?箞绋嬪害锛屼粠鏉ラ兘鏄潪甯稿瀹癸紝浣犺鍋氫粈涔堟牱灏变粈涔堟牱锛岃?涓旀病鏈夊帇鍔涳紝鎵?互鎴戝鐖舵瘝浠庢潵娌¤杩囧亣璇濓紝浠庡皬濡傛锛屽共杩囧潖浜嬪洖瀹堕鍏堟壙璁ら敊璇紝鐪熺殑锛屾墍浠ュ湪瀹堕噷涓嶇敤璇磋皫锛屽洜涓哄閲岀殑鐜寰堝鏉撅紝鎴戝仛浜嗛敊浜嬪洖瀹舵垜鐖舵瘝浜蹭笉浼氳矗澶囨垜鐨勶紝鍥犱负鎴戣兘鍛婅瘔浠栨垜灏卞憡璇変粬鎴戝凡缁忔湁鐘簡锛屾垜鑷繁宸茬粡寰堥毦杩囦簡锛屾垜灏变細璺熶粬璁插仛浜嗕粈涔堝潖浜嬶紝杩欏彲鑳芥垜瑙夊緱鏄竴绉嶆渶鎴愬姛鐨勬暀鑲叉柟寮忥紝鍙兘鏄殑銆傛垜瑙夊緱鎴戠殑浜烘牸涓婃病鏈夊お澶х殑锛屽彲鑳介兘鏈夌己鐐癸紝鍙兘娌℃湁鐗瑰埆澶х殑缂洪櫡锛岃繖鐪熺殑鏄埗姣嶇殑鏁欒偛锛屼粬浠壒鍒瀹癸紝鐗瑰埆鐨勬棤绉侊紝鎵?互杩欑偣涔熸槸鎴戣寰楁垜寰堝垢杩愮殑涓?釜鍦版柟锛屼粠鏉ヤ笉浼氬洜涓鸿鎴戝仛閿欎簡浠?箞浜嬶紝鐙犵嫚鍦伴獋鎴戜竴椤匡紝璐ｅ涓?笅锛岀湡鐨勪粠鏉ユ病鏈夎繃銆?br />
銆??蹇绘锛氫篃璁稿湪寰堝灞傞潰涓婁綘鍙互璇存垜寰堟垚鍔燂紝鎴戞槸涓緢濂界殑鏁欐巿锛岃鐮旀柟闈㈠仛寰椾篃涓嶉敊锛屽挩璇㈠仛寰椾篃涓嶉敊锛屼絾鏄垜涔熺煡閬撴垜浠樺嚭鐨勪唬浠锋槸浠?箞锛屾槸鎴戣嚜宸辩殑鏃堕棿寰堝皯锛屾垜鑷繁鐢熸椿鐨勮川閲忎笉涓?畾寰堥珮銆傜湡鐨勶紝鎴戝緢灏戜紤鍋囩殑锛屾垜甯稿父涔濅釜鏄熸湡鍦ㄤ笉鏂湴宸ヤ綔锛屾病鏈変汉鑳藉鐭ラ亾鍦ㄨ繖鑳屽悗锛岃皥涓嶄笂杈涢吀娉紝鏈夌殑鏃跺?涔熶細瑙夊緱寰堢疮鐨勩?鎵?互鎴愬姛鐪嬩綘鎬庝箞璁诧紝寮哄害鍙互澶у埌浠?箞鏍风殑绋嬪害锛屾垜鏈変竴娆′節涓槦鏈熸病鏈変紤鎭繃涓?ぉ锛岃?涓旇繖涔濅釜鏄熸湡閮芥槸闈炲父寮虹儓鐨勫姵鍔紝鐪熺殑鏄緢寮虹殑宸ヤ綔寮哄害锛屾病鏈変紤鎭繃涓?ぉ锛屾墍浠ヨ繖鏃跺?浣犲氨浼氭兂鍒帮紝鎴戝濡堟浘缁忔湁涓?璇磋繃锛屽ス璇村炕姒曞晩锛屼綘鐨勭敓娲昏川閲忎笉楂樺晩锛岀敋鑷抽兘寰堜綆锛屾垜鍚簡杩欏彞璇濆績閲屾尯鏈夋劅瑙︾殑锛屾尯鎯冲摥鐨勯偅绉嶆劅瑙夛紝鍒汉鐪嬭捣鏉ヤ篃璁告槸寰堣緣鐓岋紝浣嗘槸鑳屽悗鏄湁寰堝寰堣壈杈涙湁寰堝杈涜嫤鐨勫湴鏂癸紝鐪熺殑锛屼篃鍙湁鎴戣嚜宸辩煡閬撱?鎵?互浣犺鎴愬姛 锛岀湅浣犳?涔堣浜嗭紝褰掓牴鍒板簳杩樻槸涓嶆効鎰忚嚜宸卞鑷繁澶辨湜銆?br />
銆??蹇绘锛氭垜鏄釜寰堣寮虹殑浜猴紝浣嗘槸鎴戞渶鎬曠殑鏄埆浜哄け鏈涜?涓嶆槸鎴戝け鏈涳紝鎴戝彲浠ユ壙鍙楀け鏈涳紝浣嗘槸濡傛灉鎴戜笉鍘诲仛涓?欢鍒汉璁╂垜鍋氳?涓旀垜瑙夊緱鎴戝彲浠ュ仛寰楀埌鐨勪簨鎯咃紝鎴戣鍒汉澶辨湜锛屾垜瑙夊緱蹇冮噷涔熸尯闅捐繃鐨勶紝鐪熺殑銆傛墍浠ユ垜瑙夊緱鏈夌殑鏃跺?涔熻鍙互璇翠綘娲诲緱鎸虹疮鐨勶紝 鎴戣寰楁垜纭疄鏈夌殑鏃跺?浼氭湁杩欑鎰熻锛岃繖涓簨鎯呬篃涓嶆槸涓?欢鏂颁簨浜嗐?鎴戝湪璇诲崥澹殑鏃跺?锛屽姞娲插ぇ瀛︾殑鍗氬＋锛屾垜浠繖涓笓涓氬彧鏈変竴涓崕浜猴紝鎴戞槸杩欎釜涓撲笟鍥涘崄骞存潵鎷涚殑绗竴鍚嶅崕瑁斿鐢燂紝鍙堟槸涓コ鐨勶紝鎴戞湁寰堝缇庡浗鏈嬪弸锛屼粬浠兘鐭ラ亾鎴戞案杩滄槸鍋氭渶澶氱殑浜嬫儏锛屽洜涓哄摢涓暀鎺堟壘浠?箞浜哄仛浜嬫儏鎬绘潵鎵炬垜锛屼负浠?箞鍛紝鍥犱负鎴戜粠鏉ラ兘浼氫笉鎶樹笉鎵ｅ湴鍋氬畬锛岀湡鐨勬槸锛岃?涓斾笉浼氭嫆缁濓紝涓嶆噦寰楁嫆缁濄?鎵?互杩欎簺鍚屽閮藉緢鍏冲績鎴戯紝浠栦滑閮芥槸缇庡浗浜洪兘涓嶄細璁蹭腑鏂囷紝灏遍?浜嗘垜涓?唤绀肩墿锛岃鍙﹀涓?釜涓浗MBA鐨勫鐢燂紝鍐欎簡涓?釜"涓?amp;quot;锛岀劧鍚庢嬁涓?釜闀滄鎶婂畠妗嗚捣鏉ワ紝鎸傚湪鎴戠殑澧欎笂鏄粰鎴戠殑绀肩墿 锛岄啋鎴戜竴瀹氳瀛︿細璇?amp;quot;涓?amp;quot;锛岃繖鏍蜂綘鍙互鏇村鐨勪韩鍙楃敓娲伙紝杩欐槸涓?欢浜嬫儏銆傝繕鏈変竴涓紝鎴戝湪鍗氬＋姣曚笟鎵惧伐浣滅殑鏃跺?锛屼綘瑕佹湁鎺ㄨ崘淇★紝澶氬皯骞翠互鍚庢垜鎵嶇煡閬擄紝鍥犱负鎺ㄨ崘淇￠兘鏄繚瀵嗙殑锛屽灏戝勾浠ュ悗鎴戞墠鐭ラ亾锛屾垜褰撴椂鐨勫崥澹甯堢粰鎴戠殑鎺ㄨ崘淇′竴鍏卞啓浜嗕笁椤电焊锛屽ス璇翠簡鎴戝ソ澶氬ソ澶氱殑浼樼偣锛屾渶鍚庢湁涓?璇濓紝濂硅濡傛灉鎴戣璇碖atherine Xin锛岃繖鏄垜鑻辨枃鐨勫悕瀛楋紝蹇绘鏈変粈涔堢己鐐圭殑璇濓紝濂规案杩滀篃涓嶄細璇翠笉锛屾垜甯屾湜鏃犺鍝竴涓綍鐢ㄥス鐨勫鏍¤兘鐭ラ亾濂硅繖涓釜鎬э紝涓嶈缁欏ス澶鐨勫帇鍔涳紝灏辨槸杩欎箞璇寸殑銆傚埌鐜板湪涓烘鎴戣瘯鍥惧幓璇存洿澶氱殑涓嶏紝浣嗘槸杩樻槸瑙夊緱鎸洪毦鐨勶紝鎵?互鎴戣寰楃‘瀹炶繖鏄垜鎬ф牸涓婄殑寮辩偣锛岀湡鐨勶紝 鎴戜篃鏈夌殑鏃跺?甯稿父甯屾湜鏈変汉鑳藉府鍔╂垜鍘昏涓嶏紝鎵?互寰?線鏈夌殑鏃跺?浠栦滑浼氳璁╀綘鍋氳繖涔堝鐨勪簨鎯咃紝浣犱负浠?箞鍋氬憖锛屾垜涔熼棶鑷繁涓轰粈涔堝仛鍛?紝鎴戞?鏄笉鎰挎剰璁╀汉瀹跺け鏈涳紝鏈?悗鏈?緵鑻︾殑鏄嚜宸憋紝鎸鸿緵鑻︾殑銆?br />
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